Osteochondral Autograft Replantation
The articular cartilage is a firm, rubbery and very soft structure that covers the ends of the bones within the joint and responsible for smooth gliding movements of the joint. It can be damaged in injuries due to accidents or sports or eroded in degenerative process. Small cartilage defects are treated by transferring an appropriate size cartilage graft harvested from non articulating areas of the joint to the defect area and fixed using suitable fixation techniques.
Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation (ACI)
ACI is two stage procedure performed to treat large sized cartilage defects. In the first stage the patients own cartilage tissue is harvested and sent to appropriate laboratory where the cartilage cells are isolated and cultured. The expanded number of cartilage cells obtained is implanted in the cartilage defect.